Electrify America Signs Deal For Interoperable EV Charging

Source: Electric Vehicle News Electrify America Installs First 10 Ultra-Fast Charging Stations Author Liberty Access TechnologiesPosted on October 18, 2018Categories Electric Vehicle News Based on the new agreement, future Electrify America customers will be able to charge their electric vehicles at stations operated by EV Connect, Greenlots, and SemaConnect. “EV customers are the big winners with these network interoperability agreements,” said Brendan, Jones, chief operating officer at Electrify America. “Drivers will now be able to roam between charging networks without the need for additional cards or accounts.” Electrify America, which is investing $2 billion in EV infrastructure and education in the next 10 years, wants EV drivers to have ready and easy access to refueling—just like today’s drivers of gas-powered cars enjoy.“Greenlots has long been a leading advocate for interoperability and open standards for EV charging,” said Brett Hauser, CEO of Greenlots. “Agreements like this one bolster the national effort to deploy coast-to-coast charging infrastructure, making it easier for drivers to easily charge when and where they need.”“Interoperability means EV Connect and Electrify America customers will gain access to thousands more EV charging stations nationwide,” said Jordan Ramer, chief executive of EV Connect.Electrify America plans to install more than 2,000 of its own chargers across the US by the end of 2019. The stations will use multiple cords accommodating various charging standards. Electrify America is also leading the effort to install 350-kW chargers capable of adding 200 or miles of range in about 15 minutes.Fast and ubiquitous highway-based EV charging has mostly been the province of Teslas and its Superchargers. But Electrify America’s efforts, in concert with partner charging networks, promise to make long-distance EV road trips accessible to anybody that wants to make an electric pit stop and keep moving down the highway. Electrify America: Over 20 Stations Installed, Including First In Oregon Throw away all your EV charging network cards. The new thing is “interoperability.”Electrify America, the Volkswagen subsidiary, announced today that it signed a deal that effectively creates a combined network of 12,500 interoperable electric car charging stations. The term “interoperable” doesn’t exactly roll off your tongue, but it’s critical to transforming today’s patchwork of charging companies into a unified, refueling system that can be accessed by all EV drivers. The new interconnected network of chargers located at shopping centers, convenience stores, and workplaces will come online on June 30, 2019.Learn about Electrify America Electrify America Announces Stage 2 Of Its EV-Based Plans (For California) read more

Baboons use vowel sounds strikingly similar to humans

first_img A male’s “wahoo” contact call combines two vowellike sounds. Email Country * Afghanistan Aland Islands Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia, Plurinational State of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guernsey Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard Island and McDonald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jersey Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People’s Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macao Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Martin (French part) Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Vietnam Virgin Islands, British Wallis and Futuna Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe For decades, scientists thought that most primates could not produce vowels, sounds fundamental to human speech. That’s because nonhumans supposedly lacked the necessary vocal anatomy. But now, researchers report that Guinea baboons, monkeys that inhabit the forests and savanna of West Africa, make five vowellike sounds similar to those used by humans. The findings bolster a recent study showing that Japanese macaques are also anatomically capable of speech. Together, the work suggests that the basic elements of spoken language began to evolve much earlier than suspected, at least 25 million years ago.“It perfectly complements our own results,” says William Tecumseh Fitch, an evolutionary biologist and cognitive scientist at the University of Vienna and the lead author of the macaque study. “But they’re looking at what baboons actually do,” not a simulation as in his team’s research, he adds. The discovery “provides additional evidence that scientists have underestimated the flexibility of the primate vocal tract.”That error stems from a fundamental misunderstanding of the monkey larynx, says Joel Fagot, a primatologist at Aix-Marseille University in France and an author of the new study. “It was thought that in order to pronounce vowels, you had to have a low larynx [voice box], as humans do,” he says. Because monkey larynxes are set much higher than our own, scientists thought this anatomical difference explained why primates could not utter vowels, which are “critical for language,” Fagot says. “You can’t have language without them.” Yet human babies with high larynxes can also pronounce vowels, a phenomenon that perplexed Fagot and his colleagues. Click to view the privacy policy. Required fields are indicated by an asterisk (*) 00:0000:0000:00center_img Sign up for our daily newsletter Get more great content like this delivered right to you! Country Caralyn Kemp and Yannick Becker So why couldn’t other primates do the same? Although some studies have mentioned vowellike sounds in baboons and other monkeys as well as chimpanzees, no one had carried out an in-depth study to see how the animals made them or whether they combined them, a key element of speech. To find out, Fagot’s colleague and the study’s lead author, Louis-Jean Boe from Grenoble Alpes University in France, recorded 1404 vocalizations of 15 Guinea baboons (Papio papio) living at a primate center in France. The baboons’ vocal repertoire included grunts, barks, copulation calls (made only by females), distress calls known as yaks, and wahoos, long-distance contact calls most often made by males.Their analysis of the calls revealed something the other research had not: that the baboons produced at least five distinct sounds that correspond to vowels in the International Phonetic Alphabet, the authors report today in PLOS ONE. That’s enough to put them on par with many human languages, most of which have three to five vowels, though some have as many as 24. Further, the baboons regularly combined two vowels in rapid succession into a single call: “Wahoo!” And that means they have “some kind of system for combining and using the sounds,” says Fagot, another skill once thought unique to humans. That doesn’t mean they have a language, which requires a structure with rules for combining those sounds, but, says Fagot, they have some of the building blocks for it. The scientists also dissected the vocal tracts of two baboons that died of natural causes. They found that the monkeys’ tongues have the same muscles as human tongues, which indicates they can make precise movements to form each vowellike sound—something scientists had not looked at in such detail before. It is this ability to control the tongue, rather than the position of the larynx, that is key to producing vowellike sounds, the researchers note.“This is extremely significant research,” says John Esling, a linguist at the University of Victoria in Canada. “There’s no justifiable reason,” he adds, for these past assumptions about what’s necessary for human speech sounds.Other researchers have argued that human language appeared only when we evolved our low larynx about 70,000 to 100,000 years ago. But the new study, coupled with Fitch’s work, shows that monkeys have the necessary anatomical features for speech. And that means the last common ancestor of baboons and humans also possessed some of these capabilities. Rather than being recent, says Esling, the talent for speech has likely been around “for many more millions of years than previously imagined.”last_img read more