Immunizing pregnant women rated as best pertussis defense for infantsImmunizing pregnant women against pertussis in each of their pregnancies, thereby conferring passive immunity on their infants, is the most effective and feasible strategy for protecting infants against the disease, says a review article published yesterday in Pediatrics.A second strategy, “cocooning,” which involves vaccinating individuals who will be in close proximity to an infant, should be used secondarily if the first is not possible, the report says. The two prevention methods have been recommended by the Global Pertussis Initiative (GPI), an international forum of experts convened in 2001 to address the global burden of pertussis, which has seen a recent resurgence.Infants are at highest risk for serious and fatal pertussis, both those too young to be vaccinated and those older who have not been fully vaccinated. The currently available acellular pertussis vaccines provide only transient protection, with antibody titers waning rapidly after immunization, note the authors, from Australia, the United States, and Germany.They reviewed available data on the two GPI strategies to arrive at their conclusions. A number of studies have shown a decrease in infant pertussis with rising uptake of maternal immunization as well as the safety and tolerability of such immunization for both women and neonates.Among the noted barriers to the cocooning strategy were high cost, accessibility of the vaccine to family members, reluctance by providers of maternal care to immunize whole families, and poor compliance among families. The study authors note that “real-world data remain limited on the clinical effectiveness of vaccination against pertussis during pregnancy and of cocooning, especially in the form of large trials.”In an accompanying commentary, Mark Sawyer, MD, and Sarah S. Long, MD, whole-heartedly endorse the study’s findings, saying, “We must circle the wagons around young infants.” They cite statistics from California showing a decrease in infant deaths from 10 in 2010 to 3 in 2014, a time during which pertussis immunization in pregnancy increased.They comment, “We desperately need a new pertussis vaccine,” but conclude that until that time, maternal care-givers “must immediately increase their efforts to immunize during pregnancy” and should “present the immunization schedule as the standard of care rather than as an option.”May 11 Pediatrics abstract Related May 11 commentary Experts call for global public health R & D fundAn international group of public health leaders and researchers yesterday called for a $10 billion global research fund to develop new treatments and other tools to battle antibiotic resistance, emerging infectious diseases such as Ebola, and neglected diseases. They aired their views in a commentary in Public Library of Science Medicine. The authors are from Europe, China, India, and South Africa.The group’s call for the global fund comes at a time when experts are meeting in Geneva to hammer out a research and development roadmap to address future disease threats ahead of the World Health Assembly next week and the G7 summit in June.Traditional market-driven research and development models have failed to deliver new tools to address emerging public health challenges, the group wrote. They added that though large multilateral funds are in place for global health delivery, there is no pooled funding mechanism to boost research and development for new tools, such as drugs, vaccines, and diagnostic tests, to manage and respond to the threats.They suggested that the mechanism have a strong link to a group such as the World Health Organization (WHO), but more evaluation is needed to determine if it should be located within or alongside the United Nations and may depend on proposed WHO reforms. It should be financed and overseen by governments with private, philanthropic, and nongovernmental groups involved as stakeholders, the participants said.”The devastating loss of human life from the Ebola outbreak of 2014 must not be in vain. It must prompt serious changes to our joint international systems for stimulating innovation and ensuring access to health technologies for those who need them,” they wrote.May 11 PLoS Med abstract May 11 PLoS press release AI strikes more farms in Israel and Taiwan, plus wild Mexican birdsIsrael and Taiwan reported more highly pathogenic avian outbreaks today, with Taiwan reporting additional low-pathogenic H5N2 outbreaks, according to separate reports today to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). Also, Mexican officials said highly pathogenic H7N3 has been found in wild birds in Chiapas state.The outbreak in Israel, which began May 8, involves H5N1, which was detected at a commercial turkey farm in Hafazon district, located in the northern part of the country. The virus was detected in one of the facility’s five barns. Of 13,000 susceptible birds, H5N1 killed 1,000 and the remaining ones were slated for culling. The country has had several H5N1 outbreaks since the first of the year.Meanwhile, Taiwan reported four more highly pathogenic H5N8 outbreaks and seven more involving low-pathogenic H5N2. The latest in the dozens of H5N8 outbreaks the region has reported so far this year occurred at commercial farms in Changhua, Pingtung, and Yunlin counties. The outbreaks struck chickens and geese, killing 14,908 of 129,860 susceptible birds. The remaining birds were destroyed to curb spread of the virus.Taiwan also reported seven new low-pathogenic H5N2 outbreaks at chicken farms in Yunlin County, Tainan City, Changhua County, Taichung City, and Chiayi County. Of 147,800 susceptible birds, 69,179 deaths were reported, with the rest stamped out to control the virus.The region’s agriculture council said tests at the national lab showed that the virus is low-pathogenic, with mortality less than 75% in the chickens that were tested.Elsewhere, Mexico reported that H7N3 has been found in eight wild birds found dead in a nature reserve called the Zapotal in the far southern part of the country. Affected birds included six chachalacas and two clay-colored thrushes. The OIE report was dated May 8 but was posted today. H7N3 has been detected on Mexican poultry farms before, as well as at other locations in North America.May 12 OIE report on H5N1 in Israel May 12 OIE report on H5N8 in Taiwan May 12 OIE report on low-path H5N2 in Taiwan May 8 OIE report on H7N3 in Mexico
Credit: Eureka EntertainmentEureka Entertainment to release George A. Romero’s The Dark Half, a dark and gripping horror based on the acclaimed Stephen King novel, making its UK debut on Blu-ray in a Dual Format (Blu-ray & DVD) edition as part of the Eureka Classics range from 14th October 2019. The first print-run will feature a Limited Edition Collectors Booklet.Masters of horror Stephen King (IT, The Shining) and George A. Romero (Night of the Living Dead) have created a gripping, creepy, frightening film that thrills, shocks and works us over! Featuring an intelligent screenplay and first-rate cast, including Oscar winner Timothy Hutton, The Dark Half will keep you captivated to the chilling end.Horror writer Thad Beaumont (Hutton) hopes to distance himself from his murder novels and from George Stark, the pseudonymous name he has used to author them. To achieve this, he cooks up a murder of his own: a publicity stunt that should lay Stark to rest forever. But when the people around him are found gruesomely slain – and his own fingerprints dot the crime scenes – Beaumont is dumbfounded until he learns that Stark has taken on a life of his own…and begun a gruesome quest for vengeance!Adapted from the bestselling novel by Stephen King, who wrote the novel as a nod to his own literary pseudonym, Richard Bachman, The Dark Half is an intense and shocking horror film, with a climax that stands up as one of the craziest of both King and Romero’s careers. Eureka Classics is proud to present The Dark Half in its UK debut on Blu-ray.The Dark Half, a riveting and twisted thriller from horror masterminds,George A. Romero and Stephen King, is released 14th October on Dual Format and can be purchased at https://amzn.to/2MYjqph.To celebrate the release we’ve got 3 copies to give away on Dual Format. Enter below for a chance to win… The competition is open to all UK residents over the age of 18.Winners will be selected at random.By entering into the competition all entrants agree to be bound by the terms and conditions.Entertainment Focus does not allow collective or proxy entries.Entertainment Focus reserves the right to change or withdraw this competition without notice.Entertainment Focus will not pass your details to any third parties and they will be used solely for communication regarding this competition.Winners will be notified via email or social media and prizes must be claimed within 5 working days.Winners will be selected at random.In the unlikely event the prize style has discontinued a similar model to the same value will be provided.There is no cash or other alternative to the prize stated and the prize is not transferable. No part or parts of the prize may be substituted for other benefits, items or additions.Entertainment Focus’ decision is final – no correspondence will be entered into. The competition closes at 23.59 (GMT) on Thursday 17th October 2019.Terms & Conditions
LadBaby is looking to raise the nation’s spirits by launching the first LadBaby’s Pub Lock-In tonight.Following two consecutive Christmas number one singles – I Love Sausage Rolls and We Built This City on Sausage Rolls – LadBaby (Mark Hoyle) and LadBabyMum (Roxanne Hoyle) bring the pub to your living room with a fun-filled evening of festivities on Facebook and YouTube from 9pm.They commented, “Starting tonight at 9pm, we are the nation’s landlords as we launch our first ever LadBaby’s Pub Lock-In on Facebook and YouTube. At a time when community spirit and togetherness couldn’t be more needed, we’re throwing open the doors to our pub (garden shed) and inviting the nation to join us for 30 minutes of fun and entertainment to lift the spirits of everyone who needs it.With borrowed furniture from our local boozer, a special celebrity guest singing performing live from their living room, a quick-fire pub quiz and even an attempt to learn a new bar trick, we’re going to try to spread a bit of positivity to the UK. So whether you’re a parent tired after a week of home schooling your kids, an NHS hero fighting the virus on the frontlines or just someone looking for some company on a Saturday night, we’re here and ready to spread the love online!”Join in from 9pm tonight on Facebook and YouTube.Originally from Nottingham, LadBaby lives in Hertfordshire with his wife LadBabyMum and their two children, Phoenix and Kobe. Supported by his family, LadBaby started documenting his journey to responsible parenthood in 2016, with his Facebook page and YouTube channel charting his transition from lad-to-dad. His social media channels now boast more than 6.2 million followers, with his weekly videos reaching millions of people around the world.
Somalia cancels national exams after leaks Somalia launches “National Planting Week” Gregarious locusts congregate on some ground vegetation at Larisoro village near Archers Post, on January 21, 2020. – The outbreak of desert locusts, considered the most dangerous locust species, is significant and extremely dangerous warned the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation ,Monday, describing the infestation as an eminent threat to food security in months to come if control measures are not taken (Photo by TONY KARUMBA / AFP) (Photo by TONY KARUMBA/AFP via Getty Images) FILE PHOTO: A desert locust is seen feeding on a plantation in a grazing land on the outskirt of Dusamareb in Galmudug region, Somalia December 22, 2019. REUTERS/Feisal Omar/File PhotoSomalia on Sunday declared a desert locust infestation which is ravaging several parts of the country as a national emergency.The Ministry of Agriculture of Somalia said the desert locust infestation poses a major threat to the country’s food security situation and expressed fears that its invasion could affect the new planting season which begins in April in the country.“It is vital to contain the pests with a rapid scale-up in control operations while protecting and supporting the livelihoods of farmers and pastoralists,” said the ministry in a statement issued in Mogadishu.According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the desert locust is considered the most destructive migratory pest in the world and a small swarm covering one square kilometer can eat the same amount of food in one day as 35,000 people.It said pasture and croplands have already suffered damage in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia, and there are potentially severe consequences for the region where nearly 12 million people are coping with severe acute food insecurity and many rely on agriculture for their survival.The ministry said it has scaled up its emergency measures to contain the plague as well as protect the Somali people.“We must commit our best efforts to protect the food security and livelihoods of Somali people. If we don’t act now, we risk severe food crisis that we cannot afford by any means,” said the ministry.FAO’s Desert Locust Information Service on Friday said the situation is extremely alarming and will be further exacerbated by new infestations expected in early April.The Desert Locust upsurge represents an unprecedented threat to food security and livelihoods and has the potential to become a regional plague that could lead to further suffering and displacement, it said.Related Somalia’s Firefighters get training on emergency procedures
Pete Sprague stated this week that he plans to run in the mayoral election in October; he said as for annexation… He said Soldotna’s annexation will not be finalized before he gets out of office based on the amount of time the economic study will take. “The marijuana issue we’re going to need to settle, whether it will be done while I’m here I’m not sure, but that’s a big thing that’s in flux that we’re not quite sure how it’s going to happen. There’s certain things like what’s going to happen with our revenues from the grocery tax and things like that we just don’t know yet. But I think our city council is proceeding in a very orderly and reasonable direction on expansion of the sports center and other projects.” Both Sprague and Anderson said the council is very in-tune with what they’ve heard from residents outside of city limits and do not plan to annex those who have voiced their opposition. FacebookTwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享Soldotna Mayor Nels Anderson’s resignation letter and reappointment to the mayor’s seat was accepted by the city council Wednesday. “I’m in favor of it and I did vote to go forward with the economic study to see what the benefits would be in certain areas outside the city itself. I’m real reluctant to look at areas that are already residential areas, I don’t think that the benefits would exceed the costs to the city. But that may prove not to be the case through the economic study.” Anderson said there are a number of things to focus on before his term ends. The candidacy filing period opens August 1 for the October election.
PRESIDENT of Cricket West Indies (CWI) Dave Cameron has congratulated the Windies on qualifying for the 2019 ICC World Cup in England and Wales following their victory over Scotland yesterday.West Indies qualified for the global showpiece with a five-run victory under the Duckworth/Lewis/Stern Method, after rain washed out the remainder of play with Scotland 125 for five from 35.2 overs, chasing 199 for victory, in the ICC World Cup Qualifier at the Harare Sports Club in Zimbabwe.“Qualification for the World Cup is great news for Windies Cricket, and on behalf of the Directors, Management and Staff of CWI, we want to applaud them for their efforts and thank our fans globally, who continue to stand by us,” said Cameron.“We are grateful to every player that made the sacrifice and committed himself to this task of ensuring qualification under the leadership of Jason Holder, as well as the team management unit under Stuart Law, and their collective hard work over the last few weeks to ensure that this goal was achieved.”With the mission of qualifying for the World Cup accomplished, Cameron urged the team to finish the job at hand by defeating hosts Zimbabwe in Sunday’s final at the same venue. He sees winning the final as the first step towards the goal of winning the World Cup, something the team last accomplished back in 1979.“We look forward to their continued involvement, as we now set our sights on winning the World Cup,” he said.“Every step we make from this point onwards must be to put the building blocks in place for us to be able to win the World Cup for a third time, next year.“There would be no better place to win the World Cup than in England. We won the first two editions of the World Cup when they hosted them, and there is a strong and special connection in the game between there and the Caribbean.”Cameron said there was a minimum of 20 One-day Internationals and another edition of the Super50 Cup, as well as other training and playing opportunities available to regional players to make a claim for a place in the World Cup squad.“Right now, I know there are a lot of Windies cricket fans in England and, indeed, the Caribbean keen on making plans to attend the World Cup matches and give the team their full support,” he said.“We want the players to use that knowledge and be inspired to perform to greater heights and use all of the opportunities provided to them over the next year to gear themselves towards a bigger and more rewarding prize – winning the World Cup.”
Despite that, the Spaniard has yet to convince all the club’s fans that he’s the right man to take the club forward in the coming years.Arsene Wenger leaving meant a brave new world for the London club and it was always likely the man replacing him would come under added scrutiny. Arsenal haven’t suffered the fall Manchester United did after Sir Alex Ferguson’s departure, yet he’s still got some work to do to get everyone backing him.Meanwhile, Patrick Vieira is continuing to build his experience. Previously at New York City, the 43 year old is currently with OGC Nice.They’re ninth in Ligue 1, but Vieira has done enough to impress people in his home country, with a move to a bigger club considered inevitable sooner or later.And why not Arsenal?Well, speaking on an RMC show (as covered by Le10 Sport), Vieira was asked about managing his former club as well as the France national team: “If it’s my dream to coach Arsenal or France? Yes, like any player, when we do this job we want to touch the very high level. But the very high level I can touch with OGC Nice from the moment we give ourselves the means to succeed and from the moment the way which we work is quite consistent. But we do this job, and I do this job, to one day to be the coach of a team that participates in the Champions League.”Those comments may go down very well with Arsenal fans.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksTrending TodayForge of Empires – Free Online GameIf You Like to Play, this City-Building Game is a Must-Have. No Install.Forge of Empires – Free Online GameUndoMisterStocksThese Hilarious Photos Were Captured On The SubwayMisterStocksUndo聽多多 Hearmore.asia1969年前出生的香港居民現可免費試戴頂尖的歐洲助聽器聽多多 Hearmore.asiaUndoCNN with DBS BankWhat Banks Did To Help Corporations Mitigate Future CrisesCNN with DBS BankUndoLoans | Search AdsNeed a loan? Search hereLoans | Search AdsUndoTheTopFiveVPNEnjoy Netflix Now Without Any RestrictionsTheTopFiveVPNUndoSmart Tech TrendOver 50? You Have to Try Those Revolutionary Glasses!Smart Tech TrendUndoSingles50Hong Kong: A 40+ Dating Site That Actually Works!Singles50Undo熱門話題來自日本的抽脂丸讓胖了10幾年的她變成靚女!熱門話題Undo Arsenal are currently third in the Premier League, which isn’t exactly a bad start to the season for Unai Emery.